In Burgundy Landscape
The Climats du vignoble de Bourgogne are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This listing is a recognition of the unique character of the Côte Viticole between Dijon and Beaune as a unique cultural site shaped by 2000 years of history.
Remarkable landscapes, exceptional built heritage, unique know-how, such are the elements that allowed this classification.
Today we are talking about a vernacular heritage, the “cabottes”, which punctuate the vineyard landscape, the “climats” of the Côte d’Or.
The cabottes (small construction, dry stone hut scattered in the vineyard landscape), date from the 19th century. These cabottes were built by the winegrowers to serve as shelters. It is a place where they could rest during the harvest or take shelter in case of bad weather but also store their tools.
These shelters were not fitted out and this testifies to the summary character of the construction. There is no door, a simple opening and at best we can find inside a block of stone placed on the ground as a bench.
We can see in the landscape a great diversity of cabottes, of different sizes and shapes: some of circular or semi-circular plan with a vault with overhanging seats as a cover, sometimes taking the shape of a hemispherical dome; others square, even rectangular with a lava roof (flat stones) resting on a wooden frame.
These small constructions are most often included or leaning against a wall, a low wall, a wall, or even a slope.
In Côte-d’Or, one can still see here and there the remains of these monuments which characterize the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. This heritage contributes to the reputation of Burgundy wines throughout the world and is an integral part of the wine landscape of the Côte des Grands Crus.